The following topics are covered in this document:
- Standard Search: how to perform simple searches (including using search connectors) to find the information you need
- Reviewing Search Results: how to use the search results page
- Advanced Search: how to construct complex queries using Boolean operators and the advanced search form
In this document, example search terms are shown in a different font, like this: floating charges or like this easements "right to light". This makes it easier to distinguish example searches from the explanatory text around them.
You may also find these additional documents helpful:
- Content filters
- Recent Content and Searches
For many users, a standard "Google" style approach to searching will meet their needs. Power users may wish to skip ahead to coverage of Advanced Search topics.
The standard search box is located at the top right of the screen and is always visible.
To perform a standard search, type one or more words into the Search box and either click the "Go" button or press "Enter" on your keyboard.
For example, to search for documents containing the words floating charges, simply type those words into the search box just as you would if you were using Google.
As you start typing, you may notice that the site displays some predicted search terms based on what you have typed so far. Again, this behaviour will be familiar to many users from Google.
To search for an item shown in the list of predicted search terms, click it once with the mouse.
A number of search connectors are supported within simple search, as follows:
- term1 AND term2 (e.g. law AND practice) - both terms must be found for result to be returned (you can also use Advanced search for more complex AND searches - see below)
- term1 OR term2 - either term must be found for a result to be returned (you can also use Advanced search for more complex OR searches - see below)
- term1 NOT term2 - term1 must be found, term2 must not be found for a result to be returned (you can also use Advanced search for more complex NOT searches - see below)
- “phrase” (e.g. Inheritance Tax Act) - exact phrase must be found for a result to be returned
- wildcard search using an asterisk - for instance, comp* will return documents with complete and company and any other word that starts with ‘comp'.
Reviewing and Refining Search Results
When a search finds one or more documents, the Search Results page is displayed. Click on the different parts of the image below to find to out more about working with search results. For example, to find out how to Email a set of search results, click on the word "Email".
Search Within Results
It is possible to perform a further search which is limited to just those documents which match some search terms. This may be contrasted with the standard search, which always searches across all the products in your subscription.
For example, if you have performed a standard search for floating charges, you may then wish to search only within the documents which contain the words floating charges for the additional word invalid.
To do so, type invalid into the "Search within results" box and click "Go" or press Enter on your keyboard.
When you run that search, the total number of hits in this example is reduced from 120 to 33.
Note also that the Search Results summary now shows two separate elements: the original search for floating charges; and the new search within results term, invalid. It is possible to remove one (or more) elements from the search by clicking the red "x" next to the search term. So, clicking the red "x" next to invalid would restore the unfiltered search for floating charges. Similarly, clicking the red "x" next to floating charges would remove those terms from the search and run a new search for the single word invalid.
It is possible to continue searching within results by adding new terms. So, for example, where you originally searched forfloating charges, and then searched within those results for invalid, it is also possible to search within just those results for a new term, such as "winding up", for instance.
Click "Go" or press Enter on the keyboard to run the new search.
There are now three different elements to this search. It would therefore be possible to remove invalid from the search, by clicking the red "x" beside it so that search then finds documents containing floating charges and "winding up". This makes constructing and refining searches extremely flexible.
Sometimes, when a search returns a large number of hits, it is helpful to be able to filter those results if you have a particular type of document or publication in mind.
Bloomsbury Professional Online provides a number of different methods of filtering search results. Each method may be used on its own or in conjunction with other filtering methods. The filtering methods currently available are:
- Content type
- i.e. limit the results to either commentary, case law, legislation or precedents
- i.e. limit the results to a particular book
- i.e. limit the results to particular service, like Irish Tax or Irish Company Law
- i.e. limit the results to a particular jurisdiction.
- i.e. limit the results to the year of publication of a particular titl
The Content Type filter enables you to narrow a set of search results to one or more types of content. The types are:
If you perform a Standard Search for floating charges, the results will include hits from every content type. If, however, you wish to review only those hits in case law, select "Cases" in the content type filter and click "Go" or press Enter on your keyboard.
It is possible to search for two or more content types simultaneously by ticking the appropriate box. For example, to add the Legislation content type to the previous search for for floating charges limited to the "Cases" content type, just tick the Legislation box and click "Go" or press Enter on your keyboard.
The Hits and Search Terms summary will now show two content types added to the search terms.:
It is possible to remove a content type by clicking the red "x" beside it. So, in the above example, clicking the red "x" against "cases" would remove the Cases content type from the search results, leaving only Legislation.
Note that if all four content types are selected simultaneously, the site will perform a regular Standard Search (because the standard search includes already all four content types ).
The Books filter enables you to narrow the search results to show hits from a single book only. So for example, after performing aStandard Search for floating charges, clicking "Company Law" in the Books filter will narrow the search results to show only hits which occur in that book.
As with the Content Type filter, it is possible to remove a filter from the search by clicking the red "x" against it in the Search Results summary.
The Services filter enables users who subscribe to multiple services to see the hits from a single service. This can be helpful if the search terms are relatively broad. So, for example, after performing a Standard Search for floating charges, selecting the Irish Tax service will narrow the results to show only hits which are relevant to tax.
The Jurisdiction filter enables users who subscribe to multiple services covering multiple jurisdictions to show only hits which are relevant to that jurisdiction. For example, a user who subscribes to the Irish Tax and UK Core Tax services who performs aStandard Search for floating charges can show hits which are relevant to either Ireland or to the UK by using the Jurisdiction filter.
The Date filter enables you to narrow the search results to show the hits from a single year only. In this case, "year" means year of publication of a book included in the service.
If you wish to print a page of search results, click the "Print" button in order to generate a printer friendly view of the results.
- See also: Items per page
If you have created a personal account, you can save a search to it and, optionally, set a search alert so that you are emailed when the search finds new results. Full coverage is contained in the section on Personalisation in this online help resource.
You can email a page of search results to a colleague or client. Note the recipient of the email needs to have a valid subscription to the relevant material for links in the emailed search results to retrieve a full view of the document. Users without a subscription will only be able to see the first paragraph of the document.
To email a page of search results, click the "Email" button on the search results page and complete the form.
You can share a page of search results on a social networking site like LinkedIn, Facebook or Twitter. Note that users of the social networking site need to have a valid subscription to the relevant material for links in the posting to retrieve a full view of the document. Users without a subscription will only be able to see the first paragraph of the document.
To share a page of search results, click the "Share" button on the search results page and choose which site you want to share the search on.
Change Text Size
Click the "Change Text Size" link to increase or decrease the size of the text on the search results page. Users with a modern browser (such as Firefox 4 or higher, Google Chrome, or Internet Explorer 8 or higher) can achieve a similar effect by using the keyboard shortcuts CTRL and + (increase text size) or CTRL and - (decrease text size).
Items Per Page
You can control the number of hits shown per page of search results by using the Items Per Page dropdown.
The default order in which documents are shown is relevance ranking. You can control the order in which documents are shown in the Search Results by using the "Sort by" dropdown.
Title A-Z and Title Z-A will base the sort order on the individual titles of documents in the results list.
Document order will base the sort order on the order in which those documents appear in the original product. This can be useful when working with hits in legislation and other statutory material when it may be helpful for the order of the search results to reflect the order of the section numbers of the source Act.
The "Clear All" button will remove all search terms and return you to the browse all content view.
The search results are arranged into "Pages" of hits when there are more hits than can be displayed in a single screen. It is possible to "skip ahead" to a page by choosing it from this list of results pages. For example, to skip ahead to the fifth page of hits, click the number "5" in this list.
The search results indicate what type of content each hit is contained in. The content types are Commentary, Legislation, Cases and Precedents.
Document Matching Search Terms
Each document which matches your search terms is listed here. To view a document containing your search terms, click the desired document title on the results page. Alternatively, if you wish to browse that product rather than review the hits in it, it is possible to link to the first page of the product containing the hit(s) by clicking the product title on the relevant line of results on the results page.
Hits and Search Terms
The total number of hits and the number of hits is shown at the top of the Search Results page. So, for example, "You are looking at 11-20 of 31 items" means that there are a total of 31 documents which match your search terms and the current page shows hits 11-20 out of that total of 31. The search terms themselves are displayed next to the hit count.
To use the advanced search functions, click the "Advanced Search" link which is located immediately below the standard search box.
Advanced Searches are constructed from two or more "rows" of information.
The first row presents the following options:
- Full text
- Case name
- Case date
- Legislation title
n.b. Please note that some of these options may not be available to you depending on the products you subscribe to. For example, if you subscribe to a product which does not contain any full text legislation, then a search on legislation titles will always produce zero hits.
Choosing Full Text means that any search terms you enter will be matched against the full text of the publication(s) you are searching in
Choosing Author/editor means that any search terms you enter will be matched only against the names of authors and/or editors who have written or contributed to the publications included in your subscription
Choose Case name means that any search terms you enter will be matched only against the names of parties in full text case reports. Note that your subscription may not include full text case reports.
Choosing Legislation title means that any search terms you enter will be matched only against the titles of full text legislation. Note that your subscription may not include full text legislation.
Choosing Precedent means that any search terms you enter will be matched only against material which is a precedent. Note that your subscription may not include Precedents.
The second row reproduces the options shown on the first row but adds a further drop down listing the following options:
These three Boolean operators are doubtless already familiar to advanced users.
Choosing "And" means that the search terms entered in the first row MUST also appear in documents which contain the search terms entered in the second row to be treated as a search hit.
- First row: Full text: Fish
- Second row: AND: Full text: Chips
matches a document which contains the phrase "fish and chips" or "when the chips were down, the fish were up" and so on. A document which mentions only "fish" or "chips" but not both would not count as a hit.
Choosing "Or" means that EITHER the search terms entered in the first row or the search terms OR the search terms entered in the second row must be present for a document to be treated as a search hit.
- First row: Full text: Fish
- Second row: OR: Full text: Chips
matches a document which contains the word "fish" or "chips" (or both).
Choosing "Not" means that documents which match the search terms entered in the second row must not contain the search terms entered in the second row.
- First row: Full text: Fish
- Second row: NOT: Full text: Chips
matches a document which contains the word "fish" but does not contain the word "chips". Any document which contains the word "chips" would not be treated as a hit.